I use “pantheon” here to refer to the group of gods that are common to a culture, but it isn’t an ideal term, and the way the gods relate to one another (and to mortals) within each group varies a great deal.
- Most of the information on the gods of Ireland and Wales is from various myths, so details can vary depending on the source; particularly in the case of Wales, mythological characters are not always identified as deities, possibly due to the stories having been written down in the post-Christian era. I am taking the broad view here and using the words “goddess” and “god” to refer to these supernatural entities.↩
- Most of the information on the Celtic gods of Britain and Gaul is archaeological or historical, a circumstance that provides its own challenges including the tendency of the Roman writers to equate all gods with their own. The Celtic gods did not comprise a pantheon in the sense that the Greek or Roman gods did–most of these deities were associated with specific tribes and/or regions, and would not have been worshipped together traditionally unless they both came from the same region, and possibly not then.↩
- On the European continent, the Gaulish and Germanic tribes can sometimes be difficult to differentiate–there was a certain amount of contact, and in some cases it is uncertain whether a deity was honored in Gaul or Germania.↩